The regulatory regime for the Port of Melbourne is established in a number of Acts and legislative instruments. The key Acts are:
- the Essential Services Commission Act 2001
- the Port Management Act 1995
- the Delivering Victorian Infrastructure (Port of Melbourne Lease Transaction) Act 2016.
The key legislative instrument is the Pricing Order made by the Governor in Council under section 49A of the Port Management Act. The order outlines how the Port of Melbourne is required to set its prices for prescribed services.